Dark Moon Coven of Minnesota

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Celebrating the Seasons
Lore and Rituals by Selena Fox

The Solstices, Equinoxes, and mid-points between - - also known as the Cross Quarters - - have been celebrated by a variety of Nature peoples around the world and across the ages. Today Pagans often blend together ancient as well as contemporary approaches to celebrating these seasonal festivals. 


Imbolc

  • Also called:Candlemas, Oimelc, Brigid's Day; merged with Lupercalia/Valentines Day
  • dates:February 2, early February
  • colors: white, red
  • tools:candles, seeds, Brigid wheel, milk
  • energy: conception, initiation, inspiration
  • goddesses:Brigid, Maiden
  • gods:Groundhog, other creatures emerging from hibernation; young Sun
  • rituals:creative inspiration, purification, initiation, candle work, house & temple blessings
  • customs: lighting candles, seeking omens of Spring, cleaning house, welcoming Brigid

Spring Equinox

  • Also called: Ostara, Vernal Equinox
  • dates: around March 21 (northern hemisphere)
  • related holidays: Easter
  • colors: green, yellow
  • tools: eggs, basket, green clothes
  • energy: birthing, sprouting, greening
  • goddesses: Ostara, Kore, Maiden
  • gods: Hare, Green Man, Dionysus
  • rituals: breakthrough, new growth, new projects, seed blessings
  • customs: wearing green, egg games, new clothes, egg baskets

Beltane

  • Also called: May Eve, May Day, Walspurgis Night
  • dates:April 30, early May
  • colors:rainbow spectrum, blue, green, pastels, all colors
  • tools:Maypole & ribbons, flower crowns, fires, bowers, fields
  • energy: youthful play, exhuberance, sensuality, pleasure
  • goddesses:May Queen, Flora
  • gods:May King, Jack in the Green
  • rituals: love, romance, fertility, crop blessings, creativity endeavors
  • customs: dancing Maypole, jumping fire, mating, flower baskets


Summer Solstice

  • Also called:Midsummer, Litha, St. John's Day
  • dates:around June 21
  • colors:yellow, gold, rainbow colors
  • tools:bonfires, Sun wheel, Earth circles of stone energy: partnership
  • goddesses:Mother Earth, Mother Nature
  • gods:Father Sun/Sky, Oak King
  • rituals:community, career, relationships, Nature Spirit communion, planetary wellness
  • customs: bonfires, processions, all night vigil, singing, feasting, celebrating with others


Lammas

  • Also called:Lughnassad
  • dates: August 2, early August
  • colors:orange, yellow, brown, green
  • tools:sacred loaf of bread, harvested herbs, bonfires
  • energy:fruitfulness, reaping prosperity
  • goddesses: Demeter, Ceres, Corn Mother
  • gods:Grain God, Lugh, John Barleycorn
  • rituals:prosperity, generosity, continued success
  • customs: offering of first fruits/grains, games, country fairs


Fall Equinox

  • Also called:Mabon, Michaelmas
  • dates:around September 21
  • colors:orange, red, brown, purple, blue
  • tools:cornucopia, corn, harvested crops
  • energy:appreciation & harvest
  • goddesses:Bona Dea, Land Mother
  • gods:Mabon, Sky Father
  • rituals: thanksgiving, harvest, introspection
  • customs: offerings to land, preparing for cold weather, bringing in harvest


Samhain

  • Also called:Halloween, All Hallows Eve, All Saints & All Souls, Day of the Dead
  • dates:October 31, early November
  • colors:black, orange, indigo
  • tools:votive candles, magic mirror, cauldron, pumpkins, divination tools
  • energy:death & transformation; Wiccan new year
  • goddesses:Crone, Hecate
  • gods:Horned Hunter, Cernnunos, Anubis
  • rituals:honoring ancestors, releasing old, foreseeing future, understanding death and rebirth
  • customs: jack o'lanterns, spirit plate, ancestor altar, divination, costumes


Winter Solstice

  • Also called:Yule, Jul, Saturnalia, Christmas, solar/secular New Year
  • dates:around December 21 colors: red, green, white
  • tools:mistletoe, evergreen wreath, lights, gifts, holly, Yule log, Yule tree
  • energy:regeneration & renewal
  • goddesses:Great Mother, Isis, Mary, Tonazin, Lucina, Bona Dea
  • gods:Sun Child, Horus, Jesus, Mithras, Santa/Odin, Saturn, Holly King
  • rituals:personal renewal, world peace, honoring family & friends
  • customs: wreaths, lights, gift-giving, singing, feasting, resolutions

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